Principles of Judicious Antibiotic Prescribing for Bacterial Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in Pediatrics | Pediatrics

Adam Hersh MD PhD, Mary Anne Jackson MD, and Lauri Hicks DO writing on behalf of the AAP Committee on Infectious Diseases:

A major objective of this clinical report is to provide a framework for clinical decision-making regarding antibiotic use for pediatric URIs. A point of emphasis is the importance of using stringent and validated clinical criteria when diagnosing acute otitis media (AOM), acute bacterial sinusitis, and pharyngitis caused by group A Streptococcus (GAS), as established through clinical guidelines…The careful application of [guidelines and other prescribing interventions] has the potential to mitigate overuse of antibiotics for pediatric URIs.

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